Theory of Change

Evidence suggests that activity-based programmes, such as climbing, sports and mountaineering have efficacy in engaging young people at risk of problem behaviour and can also be successful in reducing problem behaviour.

Source: Wilson & Lipsey, 2000; Bedard, 2004; Nichols & Crow, 2004.

Outdoor and adventurous educational experiences often invoke feelings of fear for participants (young or old) as activities such as climbing, or caving carry perceived and real risk. However, fear, in the context of outdoor and adventurous education, is often understood and even employed as a necessary and important tool in learning and personal development.

Source: Reed and Smith, 2021.

More specifically outdoor sports and activity of these kinds, especially those carried out in natural environments have been shown to have a range of positive influences for society (Eigenschenk et al, 2019). The literature demonstrates benefits relating to; physical health (ten Brink et al, 2016; Eigenschenk et al, 2019); mental health and wellbeing (Thompson Coon et al, 2011; Tillmann et al, 2018; Eigenschenk et al, 2019); education and learning (including across the life course) (Eigenschenk et al, 2019) and citizenship.

13% of Islington borough’s land is green space, the second-lowest proportion of any local authority in England.

(Source: Trust for London and Islington Council)

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